The removal of cysts and tumors

Cyst infection is caused by dental pulp (tooth nerve), which is the result of non healed caries. The infection is spread from the root canal in the area around the teeth and causes inflammation of tissue around the top of the root. The cause may be trauma, which also leads to the withering away of dental pulp.

Tumors are abnormal structures that represent a new, uncontrolled growth. They can be divided into benign and malignant tumors. Benign tumors occur in all parts of the oral cavity. By the same composition as the tissue from which originate, grow slowly and do not spread through the body. This group includes fibromi (water’s origin of connective tissue), hemangioma (originating from blood vessels), lipoms (from fatty tissue), miofibroms (of muscle cells), neurofibroms (of nervous tissue), papilloma (from epithelial cells), adenomas (from the salivary glands). This group of tumors is the treatment for surgical removal or application of the laser without any consequences. Malignant tumors arising flourishing oral cavity epithelial cells or glandular origin. Growing quite rapidly and spread through the body leading to the occurrence of metastasis and in remote places. In the mouth is most likely to occur on the tongue and lips and then on the cheek, palate, gums and floor of mouth. Treatment includes surgery whose success depends on the stage in which the tumor was discovered. Any delay greatly reduces the chances of success of therapy.

How does the cyst infection looks like? Mostly, cyst infection is not visible, so you need to do X-ray of your teeth.

cyst infection x-ray

Cyst on an x-ray

simplified view of cyst infection serbia

simplified view of cyst infection

Treatment of jaw cysts require surgical intervention aimed at complete removal of the cystic sac was removed, and providing conditions for morphological and functional reconstruction of bone tissue. During the surgical operation is necessary to provide:

• a minimum of trauma to the patient;
• protect adjacent structures (teeth, nerves);
• protect the adjacent anatomical areas (nose, sinus) and
• enable rapid and complete filling of bone defects.

Surgical treatment of jaw cysts can be performed using two methods:

1. marsupializacion (partial removal of the cystic sac was removed) and
2. enucleation (complete removal of the cystic sac was removed).

Marsupializacion is a surgical procedure that removes only the surface of the cystic sac was removed together with the thin part of the bone or periosteum, while the remainder of the cystic sac was removed remains in the bone as SPAG mouth. The biggest is the lack of marsupijelizacije of pathological sacus remains in the bone. In addition, long treatment and the need of constant control represent a significant loss of comfort for patients. Enucleation is the removal of the cystic sac was removed entirely and its contents.